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(note: herbs/plants ref. w/"The English Physitian", Culpeper, Nicholas, 1616-1654. -- where possible.)
Vacuity - The quality or state of being vacuous, or not filled; emptiness; vacancy; as, vacuity of mind; vacuity of countenance.
"...For if the water contained in the vessel A B, should descend into the place of C D, there would remain Vacuity in A being there is no place for the air to come in ..."
"...Also Vacuum is so abhorred by nature, that the world would sooner be pulled asunder than any Vacuity can be admitted..."
Vacuum - A space entirely devoid of matter (called also, by way of distinction, absolute vacuum); hence, in a more general sense, a space, as the interior of a closed vessel, which has been exhausted to a high or the highest degree by an air pump or other artificial means; as, water boils at a reduced temperature in a vacuum.
"...Also Vacuum is so abhorred by nature, that the world would sooner be pulled asunder than any vacuity can be admitted. And from this repugnancy of Vacuum procees almost the cause of all wonderful things, whih it may be I shall show in a book on this subject. It is the force of Vacuum that makes heavy things ascend, and light things descend contrary to the rule of nature, so necessary it is that there can be nothing in the world without a body..."
"...Therefore we must think on another experiment, and make trial of it. But this must be held for a rare and firm principle in Nature's shop, that the cause of wonders is because there can be no Vacuum..."
A plant of the genus Valleriana, of many species.
"...Dioscorides accounts Christs Thorn, wild Hemp, and Valerian, hung up in the house, an Amulet against Witchcraft..."
"...Take three ounces of Labdanum, as much of Storax, one of Benjamin, an ounce and a half of Cloves, an ounce of Sanders, three of Champire, one of Lingnum Aloes, Calamus Aromaticus, and juice of Valerian,..."
"... Casar de bello civili, Also there is a kind of root, found by them that were with Valerius, which is called Chara, which mingled with milk releived a soldier that was hungry, and it was made up like to bread..."
Vapors - An old name for hypochondria, or melancholy; the blues.
"...If you would otherwise hinder the Vapors of the Wine, drink it well tempered with water..."
"...And surely the best and swiftest hunting dogs, as greyhounds, are long-headed, and sharp-snouted, as foxes are. Hesychius and