The End of Europe's Middle Ages

External Sites

The authors of this tutorial would like to acknowledge the following sites, to which external links have been made. All external links in the tutorial are identified by a yellow dot. This list is organized by chapter. Those sites on this page that are not italicized are found within the the "first layer" of the chapter. Sites that are italicized are found within the tutorial's "second layer", that is, within the blue dot links.

Economy | Feudal Institutions | New Monarchies | Holy Roman Empire |
Italy's City-States | Eastern Europe | Ottoman Turks | The Church |
Language and Literature | Intellectual Life | Visual Arts | Music


Famine of 1315:

The Black Death link:

The Plague - Contemporary Perspectives:

Southampton Guild Organization, 14c.:

The Jacquerie, 1358:

English Peasants' Revolt, 1381:

Ordinance of Labourers, 1349:

Statute of Labourers, 1351:

Feudal Institutions

Oath of Fealty:

Crusades link:

Chronicle of the Fourth Crusade:

Chivalry link:

Tournament Book of Rene of Anjou, 1406:

New Monarchies

A Brief History of the English Parliament:

Hundred Years' War link:

Medieval English Longbow, Robert E. Kaiser:

Henry V, Shakespeare:

The Wars of the Roses link:

Richard III: The Princes in the Tower:

Judgements of the High Court of Parlement:

The Jacquerie, Jean Froissart:

Joan of Arc:

The Spanish Inquisition:

The European Voyages of Exploration - Spain:

The European Voyages of Exploration - Prince Henry the Navigator:

The European Voyages of Exploration - Portugal:

Holy Roman Empire

Golden Bull of 1356:

Italy's City-States

Investiture Controversy link:

Papal Election Decree, 1059:

Concordat of Worms, 1122:

Vendettas link:

Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare:

Eastern Europe

Hunayadi link:

Siege of Belgrade, 1456:

Teutonic Knights link:

History of the Teutonic Knights:

Ottoman Turks

Islam link:

Ottoman Turks:

The Ottoman State:

The Church

The Great Schism:

Sacrosancta, 1415:

Frequens, 1415:

List of Abuses, 1417:

The Borgia Pope Alexander VI:

Dialogue of Catherine of Siena: http://www.ccel/c/catherine/dialog/dialog.html

In Praise of Folly:

Errors of Jan Hus:

Final Declaration of Jan Hus - July 1, 1415:

Errors of John Wycliffe:

Language and Literature

The Chronicles of Villehardouin:

Beowulf: gopher://

Song of Roland:

The Canterbury Tales - Chaucer:

Inferno link:

Italian version of Inferno:

"Petrarch to Posterity":

The Decameron (excerpt):

Intellectual Life


On Christian Doctrine:

Visual Arts

Visual Arts - Painting:

Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry:

Master of Flémalle:

Jan van Eyck:


Instruments of the Middle Ages link:

The Cantigas de Santa Maria:

Return to the Sources Index

The End of Europe's Middle Ages / Applied History Research Group / University of Calgary
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