World Cultures

   Copyright law regarding World Wide Web material is in tremendous flux, so the following assumptions have been made regarding the material in this and other material mounted on this web space. A "publication" consists of a single web page, that is, each page is to be considered a publication or project separate from other pages. Any material that has been purchased as copyright cleared material should be considered as cleared for this site only. We have interpreted any copyright clearance "for educational purposes only" as cleared for any educational purpose whatsoever. Any link to copyrighted material on other sites we do not consider to be a copyright violation; we have interpreted a copyright violation to occur only when an electronic copy (on magnetic or optical media) or a hard copy is made of copyrighted material. We have endeavored, however, to obtain permission from web sources that we have linked to.

   One central purpose of these Internet courses and readers is to produce an environment inducing students to do collaborative work with others outside the walls of Washington State University. As a result, we encourage people to visit, use, and download material from this site freely and without fee, as well as to participate in the student discussions. The goal I hope this encourages is to produce a richly textured and dense textbook and primary readings source across several sites and universities for the teaching of World Civilizations courses; this multiply-authored, free wealth of materials would produce an interactive classroom limited only by the size of the imagination. However, the material not in the public domain on this site is subject to all the same copyright restrictions as apply to printed works, so please read the following disclaimer.

   All written material in this course is produced by Washington State University or is drawn from public domain sources; the status of translations as either public domain or as produced by WSU is indicated either in the text or in the introduction to the text. The contents in this course written or translated by WSU are copyrighted and are the intellectual property of Richard Hooker and others who have developed materials. The text contents of these pages are for not-for-profit free and liberal use and duplication in electronic or textual form by students, scholars, teachers, and the public. All I ask is that any such use name Richard Hooker and Washington State University as the original source for the material. Please contact WSU to let us know how you are using the material if you copy it electronically or otherwise. This copyright disclaimer is sufficient copyright clearance for the use and copying of this material. Commercial use or commercial publication (including university presses) of non-public domain text on this site is strictly prohibited without prior written permission from Richard Hooker and WSU.

   The images contained in this course are either copyright cleared or are the property of WSU. The following is a list of all the images contained in these courses, their origin, and their copyright status. Reproduction in any form for any purpose (including downloading) of copyrighted images is not legal without the written permission of the holder of the copyright. Material in the World Civilizations Media Collection at WSU is not available to anyone outside of WSU and is not to be used for anything other than educational purposes.

Please consult this list before downloading any images: