Theological Political Treatise

Benedict de Spinoza


Ch 1: Preface

Ch 2: Of Prophets

Ch3:  Of the Vocation of the Hebrews, and Whether the Gift of Prophecy Was Peculiar to Them

Ch 4: Of the Divine Law

Ch 5: Of the Ceremonial Law

Ch 6: Of Miracles

Ch 7: Of the Interpretation of Scripture

Ch 8: Of the Authorship of the Pentateuch  and the Other Historical Roots of the Old Testament

Ch 9: Other Questions Concerning the Same Books: Namely Whether They Were Completely Finished by Ezra, and, Further, Whether the Marginal Notes Which Are Found in the Hebrew Texts Were Various Readings

Ch 10: An Examination of the Remaining Books of the Old Testament According to the Preceding Method

Ch 11: An Inquiry Whether the Apostles Wrote Their Epistles as Apostles and Prophets, or Merely as Teachers; and an Explanation of What is Meant by an Apostle

Ch 12: Of the True Original of the Divine Law, and Wherefore Scripture Is Called Sacred, and the Word of God. How That, in so far as It Contains the Word of God, It Has Come Down to Us Uncorrupted

Ch 13: It Is Shown that Scripture Teaches Only Very Simple Doctrines, Such as Suffice for Right Conduct

Ch 14: Definitions of Faith, and the Foundations of Faith, Which Is Once and For All Separated from Philosophy

Ch 15: Philosophy Is Shown Not To Be Subservient to Theology: A Definition of Reason Which Enables Us To Accept the Authority of the Bible

Ch 16: Of the Foundations of a State: Of the Natural and Civil Rights of Individuals; and Of the Rights of the Sovereign Power

Ch 17: It is Shown that No One Can, or Need Transfer All His Rights to the Sovereign Power. Of the Hebrew Republic, As It Was During the Lifetime of Moses, and After His Death, Till the Foundation of the Monarchy; and Of Its Excellence. Lastly. Of the Causes Why the Theocratic Republic Fell, and Why It Could Hardly Have Continued Without Dissension

Ch18: From the Commonwealth of the Hebrews, and Their History, Certain Political Doctrines are Deduced

Ch 19: It Is Shown that the Right Over Matters Spiritual Lies Wholly with the Sovereign, and that the Outward Forms of Religion Should Be in Accordance with Public Peace, If We Would Obey God Aright

Ch 20: That in a Free State Every Man May Think What He Likes, and Say What He Thinks

Denounced by the (Calvinist) Church Council of Amsterdam as a "work forged in Hell by a renegade Jew and the Devil and issued with the knowledge of Mynheer Jan de Witt."