The Dutch Wars of Liberation From Spanish Rule


17 Netherlands prior to the Dutch rebellion



1579 Map of the Netherlands indicating the Unions of Utrecht (blue) and Atrecht (yellow)



Philip II, King of Spain


The Relief Of Leiden, 1574


William I of Orange, 1580, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, and Margrave, and Opponent of Spanish Rule


William Triumphant


Assassination of William of Orange by Balthasar Gérard (1584)


Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange


Members of the Dutch Nobility Who Opposed Spanish Rule


1600 - efforts to eliminate the naval threat of Dunkirker raiders lead to the Battle of Nieuwpoort


1607 - Battle of Gibraltar the recently expanded Dutch navy destroys a Spanish fleet at Gibraltar


Naval Engagements


1625 - The Surrender of Breda (Velázquez) depicting one of the few Dutch defeats in the latter stage of the war


1645 - the Siege of Hulst, the last big siege of the war


Ratification of the Treaty of Munster, 1648, Painting by Gerard Terborch


Amsterdam citizens celebrating the Peace of Münster, 1648, Painting by Bartholomeus van der Helst


Spanish Empire and the Dutch Republic in 1648