Spinoza's World


Amsterdam, Spinoza's Birthplace


Spinoza's Horoscope


Portraits of Spinoza


Scenes of the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam, Where Spinoza Studied as a Boy and Young Man

The Synagogue's Court of Judgment which Excommunicated Spinoza for his Radical Ideas


Spinoza's House in Rijnsburg, Where He Moved After His Excommunication


Interior of the House


Spinoza's Workshop (He Made His Living as a Lens Grinder)